In Uncertain Times considers how policymakers react to dramatic developments on the world stage. Few expected the Berlin Wall to come down in November 1989; no one anticipated the devastating attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon in September 2001. American foreign policy had to adjust quickly to an international arena that was completely transformed.
Melvyn P. Leffler and Jeffrey W. Legro have assembled an illustrious roster of officials from the George H. W. Bush, Clinton, and George W. Bush administrations-Robert B. Zoellick, Paul Wolfowitz, Eric S. Edelman, Walter B. Slocombe, and Philip Zelikow. These policymakers describe how they went about making strategy for a world fraught with possibility and peril. They offer provocative reinterpretations of the economic strategy advanced by the George H. W. Bush administration, the bureaucratic clashes over policy toward the breakup of the USSR, the creation of the Defense Policy Guidance of 1992, the expansion of NATO, the writing of the National Security Strategy Statement of 2002, and the invasion of Iraq in 2003.
A group of eminent scholars address these same topics. Bruce Cumings, John Mueller, Mary Elise Sarotte, Odd Arne Westad, and William C. Wohlforth probe the unstated assumptions, the cultural values, and the psychological makeup of the policymakers. They examine whether opportunities were seized and whether threats were magnified and distorted. They assess whether academicians and independent experts would have done a better job than the policymakers did. Together, policymakers and scholars impel us to rethink how our world has changed and how policy can be improved in the future. -- Cornell University Press
Table of Contents
Introduction: Navigating the Unknown
Melvyn P. Leffler and Jeffrey W. Legro1. The Wall Comes Down: A Punctuational Moment
Mary Elise Sarotte2. An Architecture of U.S. Strategy after the Cold War
Robert B. Zoellick3. Shaping the Future: Planning at the Pentagon, 1989-93
Paul Wolfowitz4. The Strange Career of the 1992 Defense Planning Guidance
Eric S. Edelman5. A Crisis of Opportunity: The Clinton Administration and Russia
Walter B. Slocombe6. U.S. Strategic Planning in 2001-02
Philip Zelikow7. Questing for Monsters to Destroy
John Mueller8. The Assumptions Did It
Bruce Cumings9. Faulty Learning and Flawed Policies in Afghanistan and Iraq
Odd Arne Westad10. How Did the Experts Do?
William C. WohlforthConclusion: Strategy in a Murky World
Melvyn P. Leffler and Jeffrey W. LegroNotes
Notes on Contributors
Index -- Cornell University Press
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