In this invaluable reference work, the world's foremost authorities on France's political, social, cultural, and intellectual history explore the history and meaning of the French Republic and the challenges it has faced. Founded in 1792, the French Republic has been defined and redefined by a succession of regimes and institutions, a multiplicity of symbols, and a plurality of meanings, ideas, and values. Although constantly in flux, the Republic has nonetheless produced a set of core ideals and practices fundamental to modern France's political culture and democratic life.
Based on the influential Dictionnaire critique de la republique, published in France in 2002, The French Republic provides an encyclopedic survey of French republicanism since the Enlightenment. Divided into three sections-"Time and History," "Principles and Values," and "Dilemmas and Debates"-The French Republic begins by examining each of France's five Republics and its two authoritarian interludes, the Second Empire and Vichy. It then offers thematic essays on such topics as Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity; laicity; citizenship; the press; immigration; decolonization; anti-Semitism; gender; the family; cultural policy; and the Muslim headscarf debates. Each essay includes a brief guide to further reading.
This volume features updated translations of some of the most important essays from the French edition, as well as twenty-two newly commissioned English-language essays, for a total of forty entries. Taken together, they provide a state-of-the art appraisal of French republicanism and its role in shaping contemporary France's public and private life.
Contributors: Anne-Claude Ambroise-Rendu, Universite de Paris X; Stephane Audoin-Rouzeau, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS); Jean Bauberot, EHESS; Edward Berenson, New York University; John R. Bowen, Washington University in St. Louis; Herrick Chapman, New York University; Alice L. Conklin, The Ohio State University, Vincent Duclert, EHESS; Steven Englund, The American University of Paris; Eric Fassin, Ecole Normale Superieure, Paris; Stephane Gerson, New York University; Nancy L. Green, EHESS; Patrice Gueniffey, EHESS; Sudhir Hazareesingh, University of Oxford; Ivan Jablonka, Universite du Maine, Le Mans, and College de France; Julian Jackson, Queen Mary University of London; Paul Jankowski, Brandeis University; Jeremy Jennings, Queen Mary University of London; Dominique Kalifa, University of Paris 1 Pantheon-Sorbonne; Lloyd Kramer, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; Cecile Laborde, University College London and Institute for Advanced Study; Herman Lebovics, Stony Brook University; Mary Dewhurst Lewis, Harvard University; Philip Nord, Princeton University; Karen M. Offen, Stanford University; Christophe Prochasson, EHESS; Emmanuelle Saada, Columbia University and EHESS; Martin Schain, New York University; Joan Wallach Scott, Institute for Advanced Study; Jerrold Seigel, New York University; Todd Shepard, The Johns Hopkins University; Daniel J. Sherman, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; Bonnie G. Smith, Rutgers University; Frederic Viguier, New York University; Rosemary Wakeman, Fordham University; Francois Weil, EHESS; Johnson Kent Wright, Arizona State University.
Translations from the French by Arthur Goldhammer.
Introduction: Transatlantic Histories of France
Edward Berenson and Vincent Duclert, translated by Arthur GoldhammerPart I: Time and History1. The Enlightenment
Johnson Kent Wright2. The First Republic
Patrice Gueniffey, translated by Arthur Goldhammer3. The Second Republic
Edward Berenson4. The Republicans of the Second Empire
Sudhir Hazareesingh, translated by Arthur Goldhammer5. The Third Republic
Philip Nord6. War and the Republic
Stephane Audoin-Rouzeau, translated by Arthur Goldhammer7. The Republic and Vichy
Julian Jackson, translated by Arthur Goldhammer8. The Fourth Republic
Rosemary Wakeman9. The Fifth Republic
Martin SchainPart II. Principles and Values10. Liberty
Jeremy Jennings11. Equality
Jeremy Jennings12. Fraternity
Anne-Claude Ambroise-Rendu, translated by Arthur Goldhammer13. Democracy
Patrice Gueniffey, translated by Arthur Goldhammer14. Laicity
Jean Bauberot, translated by Arthur Goldhammer15. Citizenship
Cecile Laborde, translated by Arthur Goldhammer16. Universalism
Jeremy Jennings17. The Republic and Justice
Paul Jankowski18. The State
Herrick Chapman19. The Civilizing Mission
Alice L. Conklin20. Parite
Joan Wallach Scott21. The Press
Dominique Kalifa, translated by Renee Champion and Edward Berenson22. Times of Exile and Immigration
Lloyd Kramer23. The USA, Sister Republic
Francois Weil, translated by Arthur Goldhammer24. The Local
Stephane GersonPart III. Dilemmas and Debates25. The Republic and the Indigenes
Emmanuelle Saada, translated by Renee Champion and Edward Berenson26. Immigration
Mary Dewhurst Lewis27. The Immigration History Museum
Nancy L. Green28. Decolonization and the Republic
Todd Shepard29. The Suburbs
Frederic Viguier30. The Republic and the Veil
John R. Bowen31. Antisemitism, Judeophobia, and the Republic
Steven Englund32. Feminism and the Republic
Karen Offen33. Gender and the Republic
Bonnie G. Smith34. Order and Disorder in the Family
Eric Fassin35. Children and the State
Ivan Jablonka36. Commemoration
Daniel J. Sherman37. Intellectuals and the Republic
Jerrold Seigel38. Cultural Policy
Herman LebovicsConclusionsAmerican Perspectives on the French Republic
Edward BerensonBeyond the "Republican Model"
Vincent Duclert, translated by Arthur GoldhammerContributors
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