Radiation safety in nuclear medicine
Radiation safety in nuclear medicine
CRC/Taylor & Francis, c2007
Includes bibliographical references and index
Recent advances in the field of nuclear medicine (NM) are expanding the role and responsibilities of the nuclear medicine technologist (NMT) to include more complex and detailed tasks. New technologies are making the diagnosis, management, and treatment of illnesses more sensitive, more specific, more accurate, and ultimately safer for both the patient and the technologist. Radiation Safety in Nuclear Medicine, Second Edition provides the latest technological advances and expanded responsibilities of today's NMT while laying a solid foundation for understanding the basic physics behind the technology. As with the original, this edition teaches the units of radioactivity, exposure, and dosimetry, along with the principles of instrumentation needed for detection and measurement. Focusing on the issues of safety, this volume devotes considerable attention to the science and practice of safety techniques and includes information on rules and regulations. In keeping with the expanding nature of the field, the second edition incorporates many updates and additions such as, * Recent modifications to the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations specific to the use of radiopharmaceuticals in medicine * The growing popularity of metabolic imaging with positron emissions tomography (PET) * The benefits of merging two modalities, namely, the images of PET and computerized tomography (CT) into one short scanning procedure * The new role of therapeutic radiopharmaceuticals that use molecular targeting as a method of localization Providing a basic understanding of nuclear medicine, its scientific basis, diagnostic and therapeutic applications, safety practices and regulations, and future directions, Radiation Safety in Nuclear Medicine, Second Edition is the comprehensive reference for technologists, students, researchers, and other professionals in the Nuclear Medicine.
Principles of Radiation Physics Rationale Brief History of Radiation Science Matter and Energy Atomic Structure and Radioactivity Particle Interactions Gamma Ray Interactions Gamma Ray Interactions with Lead and Water Units of Radiation Exposure and Dose Rationale Basic Concepts Other Concepts Specific Gamma Constant About S.I. Units Guidelines for Radiation Protection Rationale National and International Agencies Radiation Safety and the Law Types of Radiation Effects Recommended Dose Limits Radiation Safety Practice Radiation Detection and Measurement Rationale Fundamentals Gas Detectors Scintillation Detectors Imaging Instrumentation Statistics of Counting Making Decisions Minimum Detectable Activity (MDA) Quality Assurance of Radiation Counters Radiation Safety in the Nuclear Medicine Department Rationale Design of the NM Department Description of Some Areas Molecular Medicine The Radiation Safety Program (RSP) Radiation Safety Committee (RSC) Radiation Safety Officer (RSO) Radioactive Materials License Quality Management Program (QMP) The ALARA Program The Practice of Radiation Safety Safe Handling of Radioactivity Rationale Minimizing External Exposures Preventing Internal Contamination Laboratory Rules Radiation Hazards Radionuclide Therapy Other Radionuclide Therapies Radiation Surveys and Waste Disposal Rationale Radiation Surveys Survey Instruments Monitoring Accidental Contamination Radioactive Wastes Disposal of Radioactive Wastes Occupational Exposures The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Monitoring of Personnel Exposures Rationale Monitoring of Occupational Exposures Reminder of Dose Limits Monitoring Methods Records of Personnel Dosimetry Reports Reportable Events Internal Dosimetry and Bioassays Rationale Historical Review Internal Doses from Radiopharmaceuticals Bioassay of Radioactivity Biological Half-Times Introduction to Radiobiology Rationale Review of Basic Concepts The Study of Radiobiology Types of Exposure Theories of Radiation Injury DNA: The Most Sensitive Target Quantitative Radiobiology Survival Curves Tissue Sensitivities Types of Damage Radiation Injury Modifiers Acute Radiation Syndrome (ARS) Late Effects of Radiation Genetic Effects Effects of Prenatal Irradiation Appendix A - Properties of Medical Radionuclides Negatron Emitters Gamma (X-Rays) Emitters Positron Emitters (Annihilation Radiation) Appendix B - Symbols and Abbreviations Appendix C - Interconversion of Units Appendix D - Answers to Problems Index
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