The Earth Charter, ecological integrity and social movements



The Earth Charter, ecological integrity and social movements

edited by Laura Westra and Mirian Vilela

Routledge, 2014

  • : hbk

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"Earthscan from Routledge"

Includes bibliographical references and index



The Earth Charter is a declaration of fundamental ethical principles for building a just, sustainable and peaceful global society, with ecological integrity as a major theme. This book provides a series of analyses of ecological integrity as it relates to the Earth Charter, social movements and international law for human rights. It is shown how the Earth Charter project began as a United Nations initiative, but it was carried forward and completed by a global civil society initiative. The drafting of the Earth Charter involved the most inclusive and participatory process of its time ever associated with the creation of an international declaration. This process is the primary source of its legitimacy as a guiding ethical framework. The Earth Charter was finalized and then launched in 2000 and its legitimacy has been further enhanced by its endorsement by over 6,500 organizations, including many governments and international organizations. In the light of this legitimacy, an increasing number of international lawyers recognize that the Earth Charter is acquiring the status of a soft law document. The book also shows the strong connection between ecological integrity and social justice, particularly in the defence of indigenous people, and includes contributions from both the North and the global South, specifically from Central and South America.


Prologue: Summons to a New Axial Age: The Promise, Limits, and Future of the Earth Charter Preface Introduction Part 1: The Earth Charter and the Search for Common Ground 1. The Rule of Law Grounded in the Earth: Ecological Integrity as a Grundnorm 2. The Earth Charter, the Commons and the Common Heritage of Mankind Principle 3. Realising Earth Democracy: Governance from Below Part 2: International Law, Ethics and Social Movements 4. The United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights: Presenting the Problem as the Solution 5. Norms For Scientific Claims Made in The Face of Scientific Uncertainty: Lessons From the Climate Change Disinformation Campaign 6. What a Difference a Disaster Makes-or Doesn't: A Comparative Case Study of Governmental and Popular Responses to Hurricanes Katrina and Sandy Part 3: International Law, Human Rights and Ecological Integrity 7. The Law of Transboundary Groundwater 8. Oceans for Sale 9. Land Grabbing, Food Security and the Environment: Human Rights Challenges 10. Is a Green New Deal Strategy a Sustainable Response to the Social and Ecological Challenges of the Present World? 11. Frack Off! - Law, Policy, Social Resistance, Coal Seam Gas Mining and the Earth Charter Part 4: Indigenous Voices for Integrity 12. Canadian Avatar: Reshaping Relationships Through Indigenous Resistance 13. Sharing the River of Life: The Two Row Wampum Renewal Campaign 14. Indigenous Laws and Aspirations for a Sustainable World 15. Moving Toward Global Eco-Integrity: Implementing Indigenous Conceptions of Nature in a Western Legal System Part 5: Government Decisions, Environmental Policies and Social Movements 16. Society, Changes and Social Movements: The Case of Brazil 17. Environmental Sustainability Beyond The Law: A Venezuelan Perspective 18. Costa Rica: The First Latin American Country Free of Open Pit Gold Mining 19. The Earth Charter. An Environmental Policy Instrument in Mexico - a Soft Law or Hard Policy Perspective

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