Sugar in the social life of medieval Islam

Bibliographic Information

Sugar in the social life of medieval Islam

by Tsugitaka Sato

(Islamic area studies / series editor, Toru Miura, v. 1)

Brill, c2015

  • : hardback

Available at  / 5 libraries

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Includes bibliographical references (p. [190]-225) and index

Description and Table of Contents


In Sugar in the Social Life of Medieval Islam Tsugitaka Sato explores the actual day-to-day life in medieval Muslim societies through different aspects of sugar. Drawing from a wealth of historical sources - chronicles, geographies, travel accounts, biographies, medical and pharmacological texts, and more - he describes sugarcane cultivation, sugar production, the sugar trade, and sugar's use as a sweetener, a medicine, and a symbol of power. He gives us a new perspective on the history of the Middle East, as well as the history of sugar across the world. This book is a posthumous work by a leading scholar of Middle Eastern and Islamic studies in Japan who made many contributions to this field.

Table of Contents

CONTENTS Series Editor's Acknowledgements Preface List of Abbreviations Transliteration of Arabic and Persian List of Figures and Map Prologue Islamic Social History through Sugar Sugar in Arabic Literature: Favorite Sweets Historical Overview and Perspectives Primary Sources in Arabic and Persian Chapter 1. The Origin and Expansion of Sugar Production in the Islamic World 1. The Origin of Sugar Production and its Expansion to West Asia The Origin of Sugarcane Cultivation The Origin of Sugar Production The Eastward Route: Expansion from India to China and Okinawa The Westward Route: Expansion from India to Iran 2. The Expansion of Sugarcane Cultivation from Iran to Egypt The Expansion from Iran to Iraq Expansion to Syria (Bilad al-Sham) Expansion to Lower Egypt 3. The Expansion of Sugar Production to Upper Egypt, Maghrib, and Andalusia Expansion from Lower Egypt to Upper Egypt Expansion to the Mediterranean Islands, Maghrib, and Andalusia Chapter 2. From Red Sugar to White Sugar: Sugar Production Technology 1. Sugarcane Cultivation as Described by al-Nuwayri Al-Nuwayri, an Encyclopaedist from Upper Egypt Sugarcane Cultivation as Seen in Nihayat al-Arab Sugarcane Growers and Sugar Factory Workers 2. Sugar Production as Described by al-Nuwayri 3. The Spread of Sugar Production Technology from Egypt to China The Travels of Marco Polo Technology Transfer between East and West Chapter 3. On Camels and Ships: Sugar as Commodity 1. The Prosperity of al-Karkh in Baghdad The Establishment of Baghdad Al-Karkh as Commerce and Industry Center From Dibs to Sugar: A Change in the Production of Sweeteners Sugar Distribution in the Eastern Islamic World 2. The Growth of Sugar Production in Egypt From Baghdad to Cairo: A Historical Change The Beginning of Prosperous Sugar Production in Fatimid Egypt Sugar in the Age of Salah al-Din The Managers of Sugar Production in al-Fustat Trade with Italian Merchants in Alexandria 3. The Tricks of the Sugar Merchants in Mamluk Cairo A Guidebook (al-Madkhal) by Ibn al-Hajj Unsanitary Conditions in Sugar Refineries The Tricks of the Sugar Merchants 4. Reading the Books on Hisba What is "Hisba"? The Inspection of Sugar Trade Chapter 4. The Ups and Downs of the Sugar Merchants 1. The Jewish Sugar Merchants as Described in the Geniza Documents The Discovery of the Cairo Geniza The Jewish Sugar Merchants 2. The Karimi Merchants Versed in Sugar The Appearance of the Karimi Merchants The Organization and Activities of the Karimi Merchants "Merchants of Spices and Perfumes" or "Merchants of Spices and Sugar" 3. The Vicissitudes of the Kharrubi Family in Mamluk Egypt From Retailers to Karimi Merchants The Sugar Refinery Merchant The Position of Chief Merchant (Ra'is al-Tujjar) Religious and Cultural Activities The Beginning of the Downfall Chapter 5. Sugar as Medicine 1. A Comprehensive Book of Simple Drugs by Ibn al-Baytar Ibn al-Baytar, Pharmacologist Sugar in the Comprehensive Book of Simple Drugs 2. Ibn al-Nafis, the Personal Physician of Sultan Baybars I The Second Ibn Sina The Principles of Sugar as Described by Ibn al-Nafis Sugar as Medicine 3. 'Attars: Merchants who Profited from Sugar Who were the 'Attars? Al-Maqrizi's View of the Troubles in Egypt The Prosperous 'Attars Chapter 6. Sugar and Power: Festivals and Gifts from Royalty 1. The Storehouse for Raw Sugar (Dar al-Qand) The Repeal of Miscellaneous Taxes by Sultan Salah al-Din Al-Nashw Enacts Attachment on Raw Sugar 2. Sugar in the Month of Ramadan Fasting and Sweets The Royal Custom of Giving Sugar 3. Sweets for Banquets and Charities Sugar Candies for Banquets (Simat) Sweets for Charities 4. Sugar Candies in Sultans' Pilgrimages to Mecca Amir al-Hajj -The Official Guard of Pilgrims to Mecca- The Mahmil and Kiswa The Mamluk Sultans' Pilgrimages to Mecca Chapter 7. Cooking Innovations in Medieval Islam 1. Cooking in the 'Abbasid Caliph Courts The 'Abbasid Caliph Courts Ibn Sayyar's Kitab al-Tabikh Al-Baghdadi's Kitab al-Tabikh 2. Sugar in The Thousand and One Nights The World of The Thousand and One Nights Foods Palatable and Nutritious 3. Sugar in Arabic Pharmacology Taqwim al-Sihha by Ibn Butlan Kitab Daf' Madar al-Abdan by Ibn Ridwan Jami' al-Gharad fi Hifz al-Sihha wa-Daf' al-Marad by Ibn al-Quff 4. Hanging Candies for Children Hanging Candies in the Month of Rajab The Generalities of Sugar Consumption Epilogue The Revival of Sugar Production in Egypt The Expansion of Sugar Production to the Caribbean Islands and South America Sugar Meets Coffee and Tea Coffee, Tea, and Sugar in Contemporary Muslim Societies Glossary Bibliography Index

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