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Professorial pathways : academic careers in a global perspective

edited by Martin J. Finkelstein, Glen A. Jones

Johns Hopkins University Press, 2019

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Includes bibliographical references and index

Description and Table of Contents

Description

What makes a professor? The answer depends on where in the world you are. Winner of the CIHE Award for Significant Research on International Higher Education by the Association for the Study of Higher Education In the twenty-first century, universities worldwide have found themselves thrust into a great "brain race" as nations, both developed and developing, seek to enhance their place in the global knowledge economy. As the concept of the de-localized university-one that has radically expanded, perhaps even beyond national borders-grows, competing nations have begun reshaping aspects of their national systems to accommodate global standards and metrics. In Professorial Pathways, Martin J. Finkelstein and Glen A. Jones consider how academic careers vary in countries that are fundamentally different in their organization and dynamics. Building on 25 years of scholarship, the book confronts major questions: What can we learn from the experience of other nations as they seek to balance the seemingly contradictory imperatives of expanding access and ensuring global competitiveness? What are the implications of this rapidly changing policy environment for the health of the academic professions on which university teaching and scholarship depends? And how can we advance the comparative study of higher education and, in particular, of the academic profession? The volume brings together detailed case studies of the latest-and ever-changing-educational developments in ten countries across Europe (France, Germany, United Kingdom, Russia), Asia (China, India, Japan), North America (United States, Canada), and South America (Brazil). Essays written by respected scholars in the field identify the major structural features of national higher education systems and academic markets that directly shape academic work and careers. Professorial Pathways will be of interest to anyone who toils in the vineyards of comparative and international higher education. Contributors: Elizabeth Balbachevsky, Martin J. Finkelstein, N. Jayaram, Glen A. Jones, Barbara M. Kehm, Dan Mao, Christine Musselin, Peter Scott, Fengqiao Yan, Akiyoshi Yonezawa, Maria Yudkevich

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments Chapter 1. Introduction: The Academic Profession Enters a New Global Era Martin J. Finkelstein and Glen A. Jones Chapter 2. Germany: Unpredictable Career Progression but Security at the Top Barbara M. Kehm Chapter 3. France: Marginal Formal Changes but Noticeable Evolutions Christine Musselin Chapter 4. United Kingdom: Institutional Autonomy and National Regulation, Academic Freedom and Managerial Authority Peter Scott Chapter 5. Russia: Higher Education, between Survival and Innovation Maria Yudkevich Chapter 6. Brazil: An Emerging Academic Market in Transition Elizabeth Balbachevsky Chapter 7. India: The Challenge of Change N. Jayaram Chapter 8. China: The Changing Relationship between Academics, Institutions, and the State Fengqiao Yan and Dan Mao Chapter 9. Japan: Opening Up the Academic Labor Market Akiyoshi Yonezawa Chapter 10. United States: A Story of Marketization, Professional Fragmentation (Stratification), and Declining Opportunity Martin J. Finkelstein Chapter 11. Canada: Decentralization, Unionization, and the Evolution of Academic Career Pathways Glen A. Jones Chapter 12. Looking across Systems: Implications for Comparative, International Studies of Academic Work Glen A. Jones and Martin J. Finkelstein List of Contributors Index

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