Maritime communities of the ancient Andes


Bibliographic Information

Maritime communities of the ancient Andes

edited by Gabriel Prieto and Daniel H. Sandweiss ; foreword by Victor D. Thompson

(Society and ecology in island and coastal archaeology / edited by Victor D. Thompson)

University Press of Florida, c2020

  • : cloth

Available at  / 2 libraries

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Includes bibliographical references and index

Description and Table of Contents


Maritime Communities of the Ancient Andes examines how settlements along South America's Pacific coastline played a role in the emergence, consolidation, and collapse of Andean civilizations from the Late Pleistocene era through Spanish colonization. Providing the first synthesis of data from Chile, Peru, and Ecuador, this wide-ranging volume evaluates and revises long-standing research on ancient maritime sites across the region. These essays look beyond the subsistence strategies of maritime communities and their surroundings to discuss broader anthropological issues related to social adaptation, monumentality, urbanism, and political and religious change. Among many other topics, the evidence in this volume shows that the maritime industry enabled some urban communities to draw on marine resources in addition to agriculture, ensuring their success. During the Colonial period, many fishermen were exempt from paying tributes to the Spanish, and their specialization helped them survive as the Andean population dwindled. Contributors also consider the relationship between fishing and climate change-including weather patterns like El Nino. The research in this volume demonstrates that communities situated close to the sea and its resources should be seen as critical components of broader social, economic, and ideological dynamics in the complex history of Andean cultures. A volume in the series Society and Ecology in Island and Coastal Archaeology, edited by Victor D. Thompson

Table of Contents

Content List of Figures List of Tables Introduction Chapter 1. A Historical Perspective on the Studies of Andean Maritime Communities Part I Early Maritime Adaptations (BP 13000 to 5500) Chapter 2. Maritime Communities in the Atacama Desert. Masters of the Sub Tropical Pacific Coast of South America. Chapter 3. Economic Organization and Social Dynamics of Middle-Holocene Hunter-Gatherer-Fisher Communities in the Coast of the Atacama Desert (Taltal, Northern Chile). Chapter 4. The Use and Construction History of Huaca Prieta, North Coast of Peru. Part II Maritime Communities Between 5,500 and 2,500 BP. Chapter 5. Changing Complexity in the Norte Chico, 3000-1800 BCE. Chapter 6. Maritime Communities and Coastal Andean Urbanization: Preliminary Insights from Early Horizon Samanco, Nepena, North-Central Peru. Chapter 7. The Supply and Consumption of Marine Resources at the Inland Center of Caylan, Coastal Ancash. Chapter 8. The Fisherman's Garden: Horticultural Practices in a Second Millennium Maritime Community of the North Coast of Peru. Chapter 9. The Ethnogenesis of Pescador Identity: The Implications of Biodistance Analyses of Initial Period (1500 - 1200 BC) Human Remains from Gramalote Peru, for our Understanding of the Social and Economic Dyamics of Ancient Andean Maritime Communities. Part III Maritime Communities Between 2,500 and 600 BP. Chapter 10. Fisherman, Farmer, Rich Man, Poor Man, Weaver, Parcialidad Chief? Household Archaeology at Cerro la Virgen, a Chimu Town within the Hinterland of Chan Chan. Chapter 11. Subsistence economies in margin areas with natural constraints: interactions between social dynamics, natural resource management and paleoenvironment in the Sechura Desert, Peru. Chapter 12. Late Prehistoric Maritime Communities in Coastal Ecuador. Part 4. Maritime Communities between 600 and 300 BP. Chapter 13. Maritime Adaptations at Cerro Azul, Peru: A Comparison of Late Intermediate and 20th Century Fishing. Chapter 14. El Contrato del Mar: Colonial Life and Maritime Subsistence at Carrizales, Zana Valley, Peru. Chapter 15. Fish[i]stories: Seafolk of the Northern Peruvian Coast. NotesList of Contributors Index

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