Multinationals, technology, and competitiveness

書誌事項

Multinationals, technology, and competitiveness

John H. Dunning

Unwin Hyman, 1988

大学図書館所蔵 件 / 53

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注記

Bibliography: p. [264]-274

Includes index

内容説明・目次

内容説明

This monograph explores some aspects of the interface between technology, competitiveness and the role of multinational enterprises (MNEs) in the modern world economy. It draws on a number of paradigms and theories based on two main streams of economic thought, and contends that the internationalization of production not only affects the competitiveness of the firms undertaking the production, but also that of other firms which are part of their sphere of influence or network of activities. Foremost among these are suppliers and competitors in both the home countries of the MNEs and the host countries in which their affiliates operate, but through such avenues as managerial and labour turnover, the spillover or multiplier effect is often much wider than this. It is seen that, both within industries and between industries, MNEs affect the way economic activity is organized, the pattern of that activity and its outcome - in short, the competitiveness of countries. The issue of the difference between the competitiveness of firms and that of countries is addressed. Acccording to the author, MNEs judge their success by how well they perform relative to other firms, independently of where they produce their output, as many produce the majority of the value-added outside their national boundaries. Countries, however, judge success by the efficiency at which their own resources, or those which their firms may use abroad, can create value-added activities for their own citizens. The modern situation is compared with that of a century ago, and the differences and their economic causes are discussed.

目次

  • International business in a changing world environment
  • market power of the firm and international transfer of technology
  • multinational enterprises, technology transfer and national competitiveness
  • inward direct investment from the USA and Europe's technological competitiveness
  • the changing role of MNEs in the creation and diffusion of technology
  • international direct investment in innovation - the pharmaceutical industry
  • the consequences of the international transfer of technology by MNEs - a home country perspective
  • multinational enterprises, industrial restructuring and competitiveness
  • the UK's international direct investment position in the mid-1970s
  • the Anglo-American connection and global competition
  • multinational enterprises and the organization of economic interdependence.

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