Perspectives in child care policy

書誌事項

Perspectives in child care policy

Lorraine Fox Harding

Longman, 1991

  • est.

大学図書館所蔵 件 / 16

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注記

Includes bibliographical references

内容説明・目次

内容説明

The idea for this book originated in an article published by the author under the name of Lorraine Fox in 1982 in the "British Journal of Social Work" (reprinted in the Open University reader "Children and Young People in Care" (1989)). The article sets out two schools of thought or "value positions", which may be adhered to in relation to child care policy, and it has been quite widely referred to. This book develops the ideas in the article further, in exploring a four-fold division of positions or "value perspectives" which builds on and elaborates the original two-fold classification. A note on the national focus of the book - this book is written mostly with child care law and policy in England and Wales in mind as a context (referred to usually as England/English policy for shortness). References to British policy are on the whole not made, as it is recognised that Scotland, while it shares some of the English child care legislation, also has some Acts of its own, and in particular has a very different system, based on informal children's hearings, for children in need of compulsory care. Scotland, it is felt, is worthy of study in its own right, as indeed is Northern Ireland. While to illustrate the different perspectives in practice reference is made mostly to actual child care policy in the English/Welsh context, short sections are also incorporated referring to policy in the United States, Australia and Scandanavia.

目次

  • Part 1: The importance of child care law and policy. Part 2 Laissez-faire and patriarchy: the main elements of the perspective
  • some authors associated with the perspective
  • rationale and underlying values
  • criticisms of laissez-faire - empirical support, problems with the implications for policy, problems of rationale and underlying values
  • the perspective in practice - laissez-faire in 19th-century English child care law, laissez-faire in the 1970s and 1980s in United States child welfare law, policy and practice
  • note on the decline and defence of patriarchy
  • references relevant to this perspective. Part 3 State paternalism and child protection: the main elements of the perspective
  • some authors associated with the perspective
  • rationale and underlying values
  • criticisms of state paternalism and child protection - empirical suport, problems with the implications for policy, problems of rationale and underlying values
  • the perspective in practice - paternalism and protection in English child care law and policy in the early 20th century, paternalism and protection in English child care law and policy in the 1970s
  • references relevant to this perspective. Part 4 The modern defence of the birth family and parents' rights: the main elements of the perspective
  • some authors associated with the perspective
  • rationale and underlying values
  • criticisms of the modern defence of the birth family and parents' rights - empirical support, problems with the implications for policy, problems of rationale and underlying values
  • the perspective in practice - the defence of the birth family in English child care law and policy in the 1950s and 1960s, the defence of the birth family in child welfare policy in Australia in the 1970s
  • references relevant to this perspective. Part 5 Children's rights and child liberation: the main elements of the perspective, some authors associated with the perspective, rationale and underlying values, criticisms of the children's rights and child liberation perspective - empirical support, problems with the implications for policy, problems of rationale and underlying values
  • the perspective in practice - children's rights in Norway in the 1980s, other signs of the perspective in practice
  • references relevant to this perspective. Part 6 Convergences and divergences: points of convergence between the four perspectives - the focus on children, the state and the blood tie, areas of convergence in the first three perspectives
  • points of divergence between the four perspectives
  • the understanding of child welfare
  • the view of the family
  • the origins of child care problems
  • the role of the state
  • the concept of rights
  • the view of society and social problems.(Part contents)

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