Environment and the global arena : actors, values, policies, and futures


Environment and the global arena : actors, values, policies, and futures

Kenneth A. Dahlberg ... [et al.]

(Duke Press global issues series)

Duke University Press, 1985

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Bibliography: p. [172]-182

Includes index



Volumes in the Global Issues series address the problems of energy and environment as matters of international concern, and a forthcoming volume provides an overview of all these areas.The issues in the series are each considered within a systematic framework common to all. Each volume begins with a historical background and then the issues are placed in their contemporary context. Four distinct perspectives are presented: (1) Who are the "global actors" involved in the issue, and what are the linkages among them? (2) What prevailing values are operating, and how have the relevant actors responded to those values? (3) What policies are applied by these actors at the global level, and how are these policies determined? (4) What are the possible results of the values and policies of these global actors?


Series Preface ix Preface xiii 1. Environment as a Global Issue - Kenneth A. Dahlberg 1 What Is the Environment? 1 Key Concepts 2 Cultural and Historical Roots 6 Problems of Evaluation and Forecasting 18 Global Environmental Threats and Limits 25 Responses to Global Environmental Threats 39 2. Environmental Actors - Anne Thompson Feraru 43 Types of Environmental Actors 44 Environmental Actors and the Stockholm Conference 54 The New Environmental Actor: The UN Environmental Program 57 UN Conference on Global Issues 60 3. Environmental Values - Marvin S. Soroos 68 Basic Environmental Values 70 Peace and the Environment 78 Economic Development and the Environment 81 Summary 85 4. Environmental Policies - Marvin S. Soroos 86 The Tragedy of the Commons 86 Case Study 1: Living Resources of the Ocean 93 Case Study 2: The Extinction of Terrestrial Species 98 Case Study 3: Oil Pollution in the Oceans 103 Case Study 4: Transboundary Acid Rain 109 Summary and Conclusions 113 5. The Futures of the Environment - Marvin s. Soroos 116 Envisioning the Future 116 Global Environmental Forecasts 120 Global Environmental Designs 126 Summary and Conclusions 138 6. The Environmental Issues Revisited - James E. Harf and B. Thomas Trout 141 Why Is It Happening? 141 The Last Decade 144 UNEP Today 161 Conclusion 163 Notes 165 Bibliography 172 Index 183 Contributors 187

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