Red sunset : the failure of Soviet politics

書誌事項

Red sunset : the failure of Soviet politics

Philip G. Roeder

Princeton University Press, c1993

  • : pbk

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注記

Includes bibliographical references (p. [307]-310) and index

内容説明・目次

巻冊次

: pbk ISBN 9780691019420

内容説明

Why did the Soviet system fail? How is it that a political order, born of revolution, perished from stagnation? What caused a seemingly stable polity to collapse? Philip Roeder finds the answer to these questions in the Bolshevik "constitution"--the fundamental rules of the Soviet system that evolved from revolutionary times into the post-Stalin era. These rules increasingly prevented the Communist party from responding to the immense social changes that it had itself set in motion: although the Soviet political system initially had vast resources for transforming society, its ability to transform itself became severely limited. In Roeder's view, the problem was not that Soviet leaders did not attempt to change, but that their attempts were so often defeated by institutional resistance to reform. The leaders' successful efforts to stabilize the political system reduced its adaptability, and as the need for reform continued to mount, stability became a fatal flaw. Roeder's analysis of institutional constraints on political behavior represents a striking departure from the biographical approach common to other analyses of Soviet leadership, and provides a strong basis for comparison of the Soviet experience with constitutional transformation in other authoritarian polities.

目次

List of FiguresList of TablesPrefaceCh. 1Why Did Soviet Bolshevism Fail?3Ch. 2The Authoritarian Constitution22Ch. 3Creating the Constitution of Bolshevism, 1917-195341Ch. 4Reciprocal Accountability, 1953-198666Ch. 5Balanced Leadership, 1953-198694Ch. 6Institutionalized Stagnation119Ch. 7The Domestic Policy Spiral144Ch. 8The Dialectics of Military Planning177Ch. 9The Failure of Constitutional Reform, 1987-1991210Ch. 10Can Authoritarian Institutions Survive?246Notes255Select Bibliography307Index311
巻冊次

ISBN 9780691033068

内容説明

Why did the Soviet system fail? How is it that a political order, born of revolution, perished from stagnation? What caused a seemingly stable polity to collapse? Philip Roeder finds the answer to these questions in the Bolshevik "construction" - the fundamental rules of the Soviet system that evolved from revolutionary times into the post-Stalin era. These rules increasingly prevented the Communist party from responding to the immense social changes that it had itself set in motion: although the Soviet political system initially had vast resources for transforming society, its ability to transform itself became severely limited. In Roeder's view, the problem was not that Soviet leaders did not attempt to change, but that their attempts were so often defeated by institutional resistance to reform. The leaders' successful efforts to stabilize the political system reduced its adaptability, and as the need for reform continued to mount, stability became a fatal flaw. Roeder's analysis of institutional constraints on political behaviour represents a striking departure from the biographical approach common to other analyses of Soviet leadership, and provides a strong basis for compariso

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