Behavioral decision theory : a new approach

書誌事項

Behavioral decision theory : a new approach

E.C. Poulton

Cambridge University Press, 1994

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注記

Includes bibliographical references and index

内容説明・目次

内容説明

This book discusses the well known fallacies of behavioural decision theory. It shows that while an investigator is studying a well-known fallacy, he or she may introduce, without realizing it, one of the simple biases that are found in quantifying judgements. The work covers such fallacies as the apparent overconfidence that people show when they judge the probability of correctness of their answers to two-choice general knowledge questions using a one-sided rating scale; the apparent overconfidence in setting uncertainty bounds on unknown quantities when using the fractile method; the interactions between hindsight and memory; the belief that small samples are as reliable and as representative as large samples;; the regression fallacy in prediction; the availability and simulation fallacies; the anchoring and adjustment biases; and bias by frames. The aim of this book is to help readers to learn about the fallacies and thus to avoid them. As such, it will be useful reading for students and researchers in probability theory, statistics and psychology.

目次

  • 1. Outline of heuristics and biases
  • 2. Practical techniques
  • 3. Apparent overconfidence
  • 4. Hindsight bias
  • 5. Small sample fallacy
  • 6. Conjunction fallacy
  • 7. Regression fallacy
  • 8. Base rate fallacy
  • 9. Availability and simulation fallacies
  • 10. Anchoring and adjustment bias
  • 11. Expected utility fallacy
  • 12. Bias by frames
  • 13. Simple biases accompanying complex biases
  • 14. Problem questions
  • 15. Training
  • 16. Uncertainties.

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詳細情報

  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    BA24157565
  • ISBN
    • 0521443687
  • LCCN
    93026636
  • 出版国コード
    uk
  • タイトル言語コード
    eng
  • 本文言語コード
    eng
  • 出版地
    Cambridge
  • ページ数/冊数
    xix, 314 p.
  • 大きさ
    24 cm
  • 分類
  • 件名
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