Socratic puzzles


Socratic puzzles

Robert Nozick

Harvard University Press, c1997

  • : pbk

大学図書館所蔵 件 / 66



Bibliography: p. [333]-390

Includes indexes



ISBN 9780674816534


Comprising essays and philosophical fictions, classics and new work, the author considers the figure of Socrates himself as well as the Socratic method, with many of the essays bringing classic methods to bear on new questions. In a personal introduction, the author also discusses his work.


  • Part 1 Choice and utility: coercion
  • Newcomb's problem and two principles of choice
  • reflections on Newcomb's problem
  • interpersonal utility theory
  • on Austrian methodology. Part 2 Philosophy and methodology: Socratic puzzles
  • experience, theory and language
  • simplicity as fall-out
  • invisible-hand explanations. Part 3 Ethics and politics: moral complications and moral structures
  • on the Randian argument
  • weighted voting and "one-man, one-vote". Part 4 Discussions and reviews: Goodman, Nelson, on merit, aesthetic
  • who would choose socialism?
  • why do intellectuals oppose capitalism?
  • the characteristic features of extremism
  • war, terrorism, reprisals - drawing some moral lines
  • do animals have rights?. Part 5 Philosophical fictions: fiction
  • RSVP - a story
  • testament
  • teleology.

: pbk ISBN 9780674816541


One of the foremost philosophers of our time, Robert Nozick continues the Socratic tradition of investigation. This volume, which illustrates the originality, force, and scope of his work, also displays Nozick's trademark blending of extraordinary analytical rigor with intellectual playfulness. As such, Socratic Puzzles testifies to the great pleasure that both doing and reading philosophy can be. Comprising essays and philosophical fictions, classics and new work, the book ranges from Socrates to W. V. Quine, from the implications of an Israeli kibbutz to the flawed arguments of Ayn Rand. Nozick considers the figure of Socrates himself as well as the Socratic method (why is it a "method" of getting at the truth?). Many of these essays bring classic methods to bear on new questions about choice. How should you choose in a disconcerting situation ("Newcomb's Problem") when your decisions are completely predictable? Why do threats and not offers typically coerce our choices? How do we make moral judgments when we realize that our moral principles have exceptions? Other essays present new approaches to familiar intellectual puzzles, from the stress on simplicity in scientific hypotheses to the tendency of intellectuals to oppose capitalism. As up to date as the latest reflections on animal rights; as perennial as the essentials of aesthetic merit (doggerel by Isaac Newton goes to prove that changing our view of the world won't suffice); as whimsical as a look at how some philosophical problems might appear from God's point of view: these essays attest to the timeliness and timelessness of Nozick's thinking. With a personal introduction, in which Nozick discusses the origins, tools, and themes of his work, Socratic Puzzles demonstrates how philosophy can constitute a way of life.


Introduction Choice and Utility Coercion Newcomb's Problem and Two Principles of Choice Reflection's on Newcomb's Interpersonal Utility Theory On Austrian Methodology Philosophy and Methodology Socratic Puzzles Experience, Theory, and Language Simplicity as Fall-Out Invisible-Hand Explanations Ethics and Politics Moral Complications and Moral Structures On the Randian Argument Weighted Voting and "One-Man, One-Vote" Discussions and Reviews Goodman, Nelson, on Merit, Aesthetics Who Would Choose Socialism? Why Do Intellectuals Oppose Capitalism? The Characteristic Features of Extremism War, Terrorism, Reprisals--Drawing Some Moral Lines Do Animals Have Rights? Philosophical Fictions Fiction R.S.V.P.--A Story Testament Teleology Notes and References Credits Name Index Subject Index

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