1999 marks the 40th anniversary of the inception of the ISTTT symposia. It is clear that much has changed in the field of transportation in the last 40 years but in this time the ISTTT triennial symposia have remained the premier series of conferences in transportation science. Presented here are over 30 papers exploring innovative solutions to the analysis of traffic and transportation problems through use of the models, methods and analyses both existent and under development. Issues of safety, mobility, efficiency, productivity, planning and the environment are of increasing concern worldwide and are addressed here through the prism of the various methods and models available. The book is divided into ten sections which follow the same session order as the symposium: Traffic Flow Models, Traffic Flow Behaviour, Road Safety and Pedestrians, Flow Evaluation on Road Networks, Traffic Assignment, Traffic Demand, Forecasting and Decision Tools, Traffic Simulation, Traffic Information and Control, Road Tolling and Parking Balance, Traveller Survey and Transit Planning. Prior to acceptance, the papers presented here were subjected to a rigorous two-stage international review process. With contributions from many of the most important researchers in the field, what results is a book which will help define the state-of-the-art in transportation science and point towards future intelligent developments in the new millennium.
Chapter headings and selected papers: Preface and Overview. Traffic Flow Models. Macroscopic traffic flow models: a question of order (J.P. Lebacque, J.B. Lesort). The lagged cell-transmission model (C.F. Daganzo). Traffic Flow Behaviour. Flows upstream of a highway bottleneck (G.F. Newell). Road Safety and Pedestrians. Bi-directional emergent fundamental pedestrian flows from cellular automata microsimulation (V.J. Blue, J.L. Adler). Flow Evaluation on Road Networks. Flow model and performability of a road network under degraded conditions (Y. Asakura et al.). Traffic Assignment. A doubly dynamic traffic assignment model for planning applications (V. Astarita et al.). Route flow entropy maximization in origin-based traffic assignment (H. Bar-Gera, D. Boyce). Traffic Demand, Forecasting and Decision Tools. The use of neural networks for short-term prediction of traffic demand (J. Barcelo, J. Casas). Algorithms for the solution of the congested trip matrix estimation problem (M. Maher, X. Zhang). Traffic Simulation. Microscopic online simulations of urban traffic (J. Esser et al.). Traffic Information and Control. Investigation of route guidance generation issues by simulation with DynaMIT (J. Bottom et al.). Optimal co-ordinated and integrated motorway network traffic control (A. Kotsialos et al.). Road Tolling and Parking Balance. Balance of demand and supply of parking spaces (W.H.K. Lam et al.). Traveller Survey and Transit Planning. The role of lifestyle and attitudinal characteristics in residential neighborhood choice (M.N. Bagley, P.L. Mokhtarian). Index.
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