The spirit of capitalism : nationalism and economic growth

書誌事項

The spirit of capitalism : nationalism and economic growth

Liah Greenfeld

Harvard University Press, 2001

  • : pbk

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注記

Includes bibliographical references (p. 487-532) and index

内容説明・目次

巻冊次

ISBN 9780674006140

内容説明

"The Spirit of Capitalism" answers a fundamental question of economics, a question neither economists nor economic historians have been able to answer: what are the reasons (rather than just the conditions) for sustained economic growth? Taking her title from Max Weber's famous study on the same subject, Liah Greenfeld focuses on the problem of motivation behind the epochal change in behaviour, which from the 16th century on has reoriented one economy after another from subsistence to profit, transforming the nature of economic activity. A detailed analysis of the development of economic consciousness in England, the Netherlands, France, Germany, Japan, and the United States allows her to argue that the motivation, or "spirit," behind the modern, growth-oriented economy was not the liberation of the "rational economic actor," but rather nationalism. Nationalism committed masses of people to an endless race for national prestige and thus brought into being the phenomenon of economic competitiveness. Nowhere has economic activity been further removed from the rational calculation of costs than in the United States, where the economy has come to be perceived as the end-all of political life and the determinant of all social progress. American "economic civilization" spurs the nation on to ever-greater economic achievement. But it turns Americans into workaholics, unsure of the purpose of their pursuits, and leads American statesmen to exaggerate the weight of economic concerns in foreign policy, often to the detriment of American political influence and the confusion of the rest of the world.
巻冊次

: pbk ISBN 9780674012394

内容説明

"The Spirit of Capitalism" answers a fundamental question of economics, a question neither economists nor economic historians have been able to answer: what are the reasons (rather than just the conditions) for sustained economic growth? Taking her title from Max Weber's famous study on the same subject, Liah Greenfeld focuses on the problem of motivation behind the epochal change in behaviour, which from the 16th century on has re-oriented one economy after another from subsistence to profit, transforming the nature of economic activity. A detailed analysis of the development of economic consciousness in England, the Netherlands, France, Germany, Japan and the United States allows her to argue that the motivation, or "spirit," behind the modern, growth-oriented economy was not the liberation of the "rational economic actor" but, rather, nationalism. Nationalism committed masses of people to an endless race for national prestige and thus brought into being the phenomenon of economic competitiveness. Nowhere has economic activity been further removed from the rational calculation of costs than in the United States, where the economy has come to be perceived as the end-all of political life and the determinant of all social progress. American "economic civilization" spurs the nation on to ever-greater economic achievement. But it turns Americans into workaholics, unsure of the purpose of their pursuits, and leads American statesmen to exaggerate the weight of economic concerns in foreign policy, often to the detriment of American political influence and the confusion of the rest of the world.

目次

Acknowledgments Introduction Part I: Another Take on How It All Began 1. The Capitalist Spirit and the British Economic Miracle 2. "The Great Seventeenth-Century Exception" Part II: The Spread of the New Economic Consciousness on the European Continent 3. The First Convert: France 4. The Power of Concerted Action: Putting the Spirit of Capitalism to Work in Germany Part III: The Asian Challenge: The Way of Japan 5. Japanese Nationalism 6. Racing and Fighting Part IV: The Economic Civilization: The Spirit of Capitalism in the New World 7. Searching for the American System 8. The Thrust Epilogue: Looking Backward from Year 2000 Notes Index

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