Ellipsis and wa-marking in Japanese conversation


    • Fry, John


Ellipsis and wa-marking in Japanese conversation

John Fry

(Outstanding dissertations in linguistics)

Routledge, 2003

大学図書館所蔵 件 / 43



Revised version of the author's thesis (Ph.D.) -- Stanford University, 2001

Includes bibliographical references (p. 183-198) and indexes



First published in 2003. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.


1 Introduction 1.1 Overview 1.1.1 Part I: The CHJ Corpus 1.1.2 Part II: Ellipsis and wa-marking 1.2 Notes to the Reader 1.2.1 Intended Audience 1.2.2 Japanese Language Examples I. The CHJ Corpus 2 Corpora and Conversation 2.1 Introduction to Part I 2.2 Introduction to Language Corpora 2.2.1 The Role of the Corpus in Linguistics 2.2.2 Basic Features of Corpora 2.2.3 Annotated Corpora 2.3 Speech Corpora 2.3.1 Spoken versus Written Language 2.3.2 Planned Speech 2.3.3 Pragmatic or Task-Oriented Dialogues 2.3.4 Casual Conversations 2.4 Characteristics of Conversation 2.4.1 Turn-taking Behavior 2.4.2 Backchannel Behavior 2.4.3 Disfluencies 2.4.4 Conversational Structure 3 The CHJ Corpus 3.1 The LDC CallHome Corpora 3.2 About the CHJ Corpus 3.3 About the Speakers 3.4 The CHJ Transcripts 3.4.1 Morphological Segmentation 3.4.2 Size of the CHJ Corpus 3.4.3 Other Transcription Conventions 3.4.4 Alterations to the Transcripts 4 Annotating the CHJ Corpus 4.1 Introdution 4.1.1 Native-Speaker Annotators 4.1.2 NTT Goi-Taikei Semantic Dictionary 4.2 The CHJ Lexicon 4.2.1 Overview of the Lexicon 4.2.2 GT Semantic Categories 4.3 Semantic and POS Annotations 4.3.1 Format of the Annotated Transcripts 4.3.2 POS Annotations 4.4 Predicate-Argument Annotations 4.4.1 Structural Annotation 4.4.2 Goi-Taikei Transfer Dictionary 4.4.3 Hand-tagging of Predicate-Argument Relations 4.4.4 Results of the Hand-tagging 4.4.5 Predicate-Argument Annotation Format 4.5 Acoustic Annotations 4.5.1 Overview of Speech Processing 4.5.2 F0 Measurements 4.5.3 Word Segmentation 4.5.4 Format of Acoustic Annotations II. Ellipsis and wa-marking 5 Ellipsis 5.1 Introduction to Part II 5.2 Introduction to Ellipsis 5.2.1 What Is Ellipsis? 5.2.2 Examples of Ellipsis 5.2.3 Functions of Ellipsis 5.3 Argument Ellipsis 5.3.1 Note on Zero Pronoun Resolution 5.3.2 Argument Ellipsis in the CHJ Corpus 5.3.3 Subject Ellipsis 5.3.4 Ellipsis in Transitive and Intransitive Predicates 5.3.5 Conclusion: Argument Ellipsis 5.4 Particle Ellipsis 5.4.1 Introduction 5.4.2 Sex and Dialect 5.4.3 Syntactic Factors in Particle Ellipsis 5.4.4 Animacy and Definiteness 5.4.5 Focus and Particle Ellipsis 5.4.6 Conclusion: Particle Ellipsis 6 Wa-marking 6.1 Introduction 6.1.1 Topic and Subject in Japanese 6.1.2 Mechanics of Wa-marking 6.2 Semantics of wa- and ga- Phrases 6.2.1 Kuno's Taxonomy of wa and ga 6.2.2 Categorical versus Thetic Judgments 6.2.3 Wa as a Backgrounding Particle 6.2.4 Old versus New Information 6.2.5 File Card-Based Accounts of wa and ga 6.2.6 The Strong Familiarity Condition 6.2.7 Conclusion: Semantics of wa- and ga- Phrases 6.3 Intonation of wa and ga 6.3.1 Intonation and Focus 6.3.2 F0 Correlates of wa- Phrases 6.3.3 F0 Correlates of wa and ga in CHJ 6.3.4 Conclusion: Intonation of wa and ga 6.4 Properties of wa-marked Nouns 6.4.1 Accessibility to wa-marking 6.4.2 Semantic Properties of wa- and ga-marked Nouns 6.4.3 Conclusion: Properties of wa-marked Nouns III. Appendices A Background on the Japanese Language A.1 Introduction A.2 Grammar A.3 Dialects A.4 Politeness and Formality A.5 Sentence-final Discourse Particles Bibliography Index

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