Authority in language : investigating standard English

書誌事項

Authority in language : investigating standard English

James Milroy and Lesley Milroy

Routledge, 1999

3rd ed

  • : hbk
  • : pbk

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注記

"First published 1985 by Routledge & Kegan Paul, first published in paperback 1987. Second edition published 1991 by Routledge"--T.p. verso

Bibliography: p. 161-170

Includes index

内容説明・目次

巻冊次

: hbk ISBN 9780415174121

内容説明

This book has a great track record; of its kind its the best on the market. - Deborah Cameron, University of Strathclyde This influential and widely used book has been extensively revised and includes a new chapter on linguistic discrimination on the basis of class, race and ethnicity. Other topics covered include: * National Curriculum and arguments about linguistic correctness * * new varieties of English (including African American English) * attitudes to language These revisions ensure Authority in Language remains topical and up-to-date.

目次

Preface. Preface to the second edition. Key to symbols and abbreviations used in the text. 1. Prescription and standardisation 1.1 Language prescription and its consequences 1.2 Lingusitics and prescription 1.3 Attitudes to language 1.4 Languages standardisation 2. Standard English and the complaint tradition 2.1 The history of Standard English 2.2 The function of language complaints in maintaining the standard 2.3 Correctness and semantic shift 2.4 George Orwell and the moralistic tradition 2.5 Standardisation and the teaching of literacy 2.6 Conclusions 3. Spoken and written norms 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Language change and language maintenance 3.3 Spoken English and the effects of literacy 3.4 The spoken and written channels 3.5 Conclusions 4. Grammar and speech 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Prescription and spoken language 4.3 Prescription and contextual variability in speech 4.4 The grammar of Non-Standard English 4.5 Conclusion 5. Linguistic prescription and the speech community 5.1 Introduction 5.2 The social distribution of linguistic variants 5.3 Some common prescriptions: a critique 5.4 A wider perspective on prescriptivism 5.5 Group identity and language variation 5.6 Conclusion 6. Linguistic repertoires and communicative competence 6.1 Introductory 6.2 Communicative competence 6.3 Types of linguistic repertoire 6.4 Some practical considerations 6.5 Observing and analysing linguistic repertoires 6.6 Conclusion 7. 'Planned' and 'unplanned' speech events 7.1 Spoken and written language 7.2 Planned and unplanned discourse 7.3 The discourse of structure of interviews 7.4 Applying sociolinguistic principles to test situations: an example 7.5 Some wider implications 7.6 Conclusion 8. Some practical implications of prescriptivism: the linguistic adequacy of language assessment procedures 8.1 Introduction 8.2 Linguistic critiques of language tests: the question of linguistic realism 8.3 Linguistic critiques of language tests: the question of cultural linguistic bias 8.4 Concluding remarks Coda. Bibliography. Index
巻冊次

: pbk ISBN 9780415174138

内容説明

This book has a great track record; of its kind its the best on the market. - Deborah Cameron, University of Strathclyde This influential and widely used book has been extensively revised and includes a new chapter on linguistic discrimination on the basis of class, race and ethnicity. Other topics covered include: * National Curriculum and arguments about linguistic correctness * * new varieties of English (including African American English) * attitudes to language These revisions ensure Authority in Language remains topical and up-to-date.

目次

  • Part 1 Prescription and standardization: language prescription and its consequences
  • lingusitics and prescription
  • attitudes to language
  • languages standardization. Part 2 Standard English and the complaint tradition: the history of standard English
  • the function of language complaints in maintaining the standard
  • correctness and semantic shift
  • George Orwell and the moralistic tradition
  • standardization and the teaching of literacy
  • conclusions. Part 3 Spoken and written norms: language change and language maintenance
  • spoken English and the effects of literacy
  • the spoken and written channels
  • conclusions. Part 4 Grammar and speech: prescription and spoken language
  • prescription and contextual variability in speech
  • the grammar of non-standard English
  • conclusion. Part 5 Linguistic prescription and the speech community: the social distribution of linguistic variants
  • some common prescriptions - a critique
  • a wider perspective on prescriptivism
  • group identity and language variation
  • conclusion. Part 6 Linguistic repertoires and communicative competence: communicative competence
  • types of linguistic repertoire
  • some practical considerations
  • observing and analyzing linguistic repertoires
  • conclusion. Part 7 "Planned" and "unplanned" speech events: spoken and written language
  • planned and unplanned discourse
  • the discourse of structure of interviews
  • applying sociolinguistic principles to test situations - an example
  • some wider implications
  • conclusion. Part 8 Some practical implications of prescriptivism - the linguistic adequacy of language assessment procedures: linguistic critiques of language tests - the question of linguistic realism
  • linguistic critiques of language tests - the question of cultural linguistic bias
  • concluding remarks
  • coda.

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